The Basic authentication used in HTTP which is the type curl uses by default is plain text based, which means it sends username and password only slightly obfuscated, but still fully readable by anyone that sniffs on the network between you and the remote server.
The site might require a different authentication method check the headers returned by the serverand then --ntlm, --digest, --negotiate or even --anyauth might be options that suit you. This seems to be especially common at various companies. A HTTP proxy may require its own user and password to allow the client to get through to the Internet. To specify those with curl, run something like:. If your proxy requires the authentication to be done using the NTLM method, use --proxy-ntlm, if it requires Digest use --proxy-digest.
Do note that when a program is run, its parameters might be possible to see when listing the running processes of the system. Thus, other users may be able to watch your passwords if you pass them as plain command line options.
There are ways to circumvent this. It is worth noting that while this is how HTTP Authentication works, very many web sites will not use this concept when they provide logins etc. See the Web Login chapter further below for more details on that. If you don't have the token at the time of the call is made, You will have to make two calls, one to get the token and the other to extract the token form the response, pay attention to.
Learn more. How to set the authorization header using curl Ask Question. Asked 9 years, 10 months ago. Active 7 months ago. Viewed k times.It seems as if APIs are popping up everywhere these days. Mac users might also find this post helpful as well. Also, please note that this post is not intended to be a comprehensive reference to the quite extensive flexibility of curl. My purpose here is to provide enough of a basic reference to get you started. The rest is up to you!
Keystone uses the idea of tokens, and to obtain a token you have to pass correct credentials. If you want to embed the authentication credentials into the command line, then your command would look something like this:.
Run it through python -m json.Bearer Token Authentication in Postman (8) / Postman Crash Course for beginners
Then the command would look something like this you might need to include the full path to the file :. I highly recommend piping the output through python -m json.
Alternately, you could pipe the output into a file. In the previous example, I showed you how to pass some credentials in JSON-encoded format to authenticate.
It's not the same without you
However, some systems use other methods for authentication. VMware NSX is one example. The command to do that would look something like this:. In this case, the data returned by the command will be a JSON-encoded list of tenants, tenant IDs, and tenant descriptions. By and large, the API is reasonably well-documented; you just need to be sure that you are pointing the API call against the right endpoint.
For example, authentication has to happen against the server running Keystone, which may or may not be the same server that is running the Nova API services. In the examples I just provided, Keystone and the Nova API services are running on the same host, which is why the IP address is the same in the command lines. Of course, the API can also be used to create objects.
When you put it all together, it looks something like this substituting appropriate values where applicable :. Once again, I recommend piping the output of this command through python -m json. Clearly, there is much more that can be done with the OpenStack and VMware NSX APIs, but this at least should give you a starting point from which you can continue to explore in more detail.Ask the community.
You can use an API token to authenticate a script or other process with an Atlassian cloud product. You generate the token from your Atlassian account, then copy and paste it to the script. If you're using Bitbucket Cloud, see App passwords. Depending on the details of the HTTP library you use, simply replace your password with the token. Puedes utilizar un token de API para autenticar un script u otro proceso con un producto de Atlassian Cloud.
Tan solo tienes que generar el token en tu cuenta de Atlassian, copiarlo y pegarlo en el script. Crea un token de API en tu cuenta de Atlassian:. Haz clic en Crear token de API. Si es necesario, crea un nuevo token. Se estiver usando o Bitbucket Cloud, consulte Senhas dos aplicativos.
Crie um token de API a partir de sua conta da Atlassian:. Clique em Criar token de API. Observe que me example. Erstellen Sie bei Bedarf ein neues Token.
Hinweis: me example. Atlassian Cloud Documentation Documentation. Unable to load. Your Atlassian account Create an Atlassian account Log in to your account Your personal profile Update your profile and visibility settings Protect your account Recently used devices Two-step verification API tokens Delete your account Issues with your account Teams in Atlassian products.
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Correct way to set Bearer token with CURL
Yes No It wasn't accurate. It wasn't clear. It wasn't relevant. Powered by Confluence and Scroll Viewport.Pass user credential to basic auth to access protected resources like a users starred gists, or private info associated with their profile.
Passing just the username without the colon : will cause you to be prompted for your account password. This avoids having your password in your command line history.
Of course --data implies POST so you don't have to also specify the --request flag. You can use multiple --data flags. The post data gets combined into one so you can also just combine them yourself into a single --data flag.
More POST examples hereincluding examples of file uploading. For guidance on when to POST with --data vs --formsee this gist. Often when POSTing data you'll need to add headers for things like auth tokens or setting the content type. You can set a header using -H. Be warned this is a very "insecure" thing to do and is only listed here for "educational purposes".
They are different tokens and you will need to generate an OAuth token to be authorized. This will prompt you for your GitHub password and return your OAuth token in the response.
Execute an Authorization Code Grant Flow
This is very nice. I've been doing a lot of API scripting lately. I'll link to this in my project, as I have instructed my team to start here. Skip to content. Instantly share code, notes, and snippets.
Code Revisions 6 Stars Forks Embed What would you like to do? Embed Embed this gist in your website. Share Copy sharable link for this gist. Learn more about clone URLs. Download ZIP. Headers Often when POSTing data you'll need to add headers for things like auth tokens or setting the content type.
For more details, refer to this blog post. Learn more. Asked 7 days ago. Active 7 days ago. Viewed 20 times. Active Oldest Votes. Try adding this to your settings. I created token for user. Thanks, I haven't changed anything since yesterday, I tried today and everything works, and yesterday it didn't work, the same commands Sign up or log in Sign up using Google.
Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Email and Password. Post as a guest Name. Email Required, but never shown. The Overflow Blog. The Overflow How many jobs can be done at home? Featured on Meta. Community and Moderator guidelines for escalating issues via new response…. Feedback on Q2 Community Roadmap.This endpoint is legacy in AM 6.
You should refer to OAuth 2. Additionally, there are four grant types defined by RFCwhich determine how requests are made. Upon requesting authorization, a short-lived authorization code is returned, which can be used to obtain the access token.
For example, to request an access token, you would use a curl command such as the following where code is the authorization code you received when you requested authorization :.
Example response where access token returned is different to the one initially returned when requesting the access token :. Username and password are used to obtain the access token directly. Example curl commands for the requests you can issue with this grant type are detailed below. For example, to request an access token, you would use a curl command such as the following:. The client credentials grant type is used to obtain an access token.
Client credentials are used to obtain the access token directly. For example, you would use a curl command such as the following:. FAQ: OAuth 2. How do I bypass the OAuth 2. OAuth 2. The OAuth 2. Knowledge libraries Knowledge Base articles a Something went wrong You can report this issue at backstage.
Used to retrieve metadata about a token, such as approved scopes and the context in which the token was issued. Used to validate tokens and to retrieve information about the token such as scopes.This tutorial will help you implement the Authorization Code grant. The Authorization Code is an OAuth 2. In this document we will work through the steps needed in order to implement this: get the user's authorization, get a token and access the API using the token.
To begin an Authorization Code flow, your web application should first send the user to the authorization URL :. Use the Identifier value on the Settings tab for the API you created as part of the prerequisites for this tutorial. These must be separated by a space. You can request any of the standard OpenID Connect OIDC scopes about users, such as profile and emailcustom claims that must conform to a namespaced formator any scopes supported by the target API for example, read:contacts.
For this flow, the value must be code. You can find this value at your Application's Settings. This value must be used by the application to prevent CSRF attacks. For more information, see State Parameter. The purpose of this call is to obtain consent from the user to invoke the API specified in audience to do certain things specified in scope on behalf of the user.
Auth0 will authenticate the user and obtain consent, unless consent has been previously given. Note that if you alter the value in scopeAuth0 will require consent to be given again.
See Refresh Tokens for more information. It is important to understand that the Authorization Code flow should only be used in cases such as a Regular Web Application where the Client Secret can be safely stored. In cases such as a Single-Page Application, the Client Secret is available to the application in the web browserso the integrity of the Client Secret cannot be maintained.
This consists of a series of steps, and if any of these fails then the request must be rejected. For details on the validations that should be performed, see Validate Access Tokens. This means that in order to add custom claims to ID Tokens or Access Tokens, they must conform to a namespaced format to avoid possible collisions with standard OIDC claims.
You can add namespaced claims using Rules. If you wish to execute special logic unique to the Authorization Code grant, you can look at the context. If the value is oidc-basic-profilethen the rule is running during the Authorization Code grant.
Get the User's Authorization. Was this helpful? Exchange the Authorization Code for an Access Token. JS Obj-C POST ; request. Execute request. Do req defer res. ReadAll res. Body fmt.